Ratification and the Real First Amendment

In spite of Madison's expostulations regarding the hasty and continued expansion of the representation in Federalist 55 through 58 there remained a large contingent who were uncomfortable with these assurances. As such the various ratifying conventions defined an amendment to the Constitution to compel the legislature to increase the representation.

The History of this amendment is interesting to say the least and is well presented in the Wikipedia article linked above.